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Lychakiv Cemetery is one of the largest known in Europe. It is located on picturesque hills and is surrounded by rich verdure that provides a good framing for the chapels, tombstones and graves, most of which have architectural value. Among those buried here are many prominent Ukrainian men and women, such as Ivan Franko, Markian Shashkevych, Volodymyr Barvinskyi, Solomia Krushelnytska and others.
Of high artistic value at Lychakiv Cemetery are burial vaults of the Dunin-Borkowski family (of 1812 and 1880), mausoleum of Barchevskyi family (built in 1885), two compositions of three figures each on the graves of Breier-Trankel-Weigel and Juliana of Schabinberg-Nevater.
The allegoric group on the tomb of three burgher families of Breier-Trankel-Weigel is one of the most artistic and original at Lychakiv Cemetery. On a wide gravestone there are three life-sized figures: next to the urn that tops the pedestal of the grave, there stands the winged god of sleep Hypnosis wearing a wreath of poppy-heads. In his right hand he is holding a bunch of poppies; with his left hand he is leading a young woman in a long garment. Approaching them is a young man dressed in tunica with a flagon filled with tears. The three figures symbolize death, sadness, and pain. They are depicted without traditional attributes, young and perfect, but overwhelmed with deep sorrow. The state of mind of each of the three is reflected individually, but together it creates the image of them wrapped in a "cloud of sorrow," thus contrasting with the wonderful youth passing so fast.
One more tombstone sculpture, a real masterpiece cold be found in Lychakiv Cemetery. This is a figure of a woman with classic antique features of melancholic beauty. It is on the tombstone of Juliana Zwitlich of Schranger.
Among the later tombstones of Lychakiv Cemetery there are ones deserving attention as well. For instance, bronze Orpheus playing sadly his lyre is on the tombstone of opera singer Solomia Krushelnytska.
On site no. 70 there is a big mausoleum of Felix Baczewski, built by his son Petro-Volodymyr Probus, the richest man in Podolia. The giant vault still reminds of the wealth of their family. After his death, Baczewski left 700 000 guldens for charity and science: 50 000 as scholarships for the students of Lviv and Krakow Universities each, 500 000 as an annual award for art and history works, 30 000 as dowry for poor girls, 15 000 for Lviv Conservatory students. And if any of his heirs had dared to appeal against the testament, they would have been deprived of their heritage.
At the Lychakiv Cemetery there are also unusual tombstones: at the bust of doctor Juzef Ivanovicz there are his faithful dogs Pluto and Nero, always on guard. There are many modest graves with unusual stories, such as the grave of Franciszek Zaremba. This soldier from Kosciuszki Army died at the age of 112.
At the Lychakiv Cemetery, there are also several military burial sites: Memorial to the liberation movement of Ukrainian people, next to it are the Polish military burial sites, the participants of 1918-1920 war, Red Army burial sites, Polish insurgents cemeteries of 1830-1831 and 1863-1864. There are also the graves of the victims of Stalin's People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (KGB) of 1941. In a common grave buried are 205 Ukrainians, 21 Poles, 6 Germans, 14 Jews, and 5 Russians.
Though Lychakiv Cemetery is the most known in Lviv, but there is also another historic cemetery - Yaniv Cemetery. Yaniv Cemetery on Shevchenka Street was founded in 1883. Of interest is the history of the grave at the intersection of fields 31 and 14. It is the grave of Latin Archbishop of Lviv Jozef Bilczewski (1860-1923). He made a will to be buried here only to attract attention to the new cemetery. Another interesting field is no. 38. Here is the renovated War Memorial to the Ukrainian Galician Army Soldiers ("Riflemen of the UGA") who died during the November battles of 1918 and during subsequent years of the Polish-Ukrainian War.
Lychakiv Cemetery is situated in 33, Mechnikov Street; tram No. 7 gets you there. It covers the territory of over 42 hectars and has about 300 thousand burial places. The cemetery appeared in 1786. The new burial ground got the status of Lviv representational main necropolis which remained till nowadays. The oldest preserved Lychakiv gravestones refer to 1787 and 1797. In the first half of the 19th c. in the cemetery there dominated classical sculpture of such famous masters as Hartman Witwer, Anton and Johann Schimser, Paul Eutele. Their traditions in the second half of the 19th - the early 20th c. were continued by Abel Maria Perier, Henryk Perier, Parys Filippi, Julian Markowski, Stanisfaw Roman Lewandowski, Tadeusz Baracz, the Tyrowicz family, Witold Rawski and others. The creative work of these masters left in the cemetery monuments of eclectic character, Art Nouveau and "Art Deco".
Among Ukrainian sculptors of the period till 1945 the works by Hryhoriy Kuznevych and Serhiy Lytvynenko are the most interesting ones. Among modern sculptors Yevhen Dzyndra (1913-1983) left interesting works. Teodosia Bryzh is distinguished for individual approach to every piece of work. In 1975 it was decided to stop burying. The exception is made for especially distinguished citizens. The main entrance of the cemetery is situated in Mechnikov Street. Here in 1875 and 1901 two neo-Gothic portals were built. The square near the main portal (the right one is surrounded by a number of chapels which belonged to the families of Lviv citizens. To the left of the square there is the field of honourable burials which covers part number 67 of the field.
To the left of the main entrance there spreads field number 1, which since late 19th c. became a peculiar pantheon of honourable Lvivites. On this field found their last repose Ukrainian writers A. Voloshchak (1870-1973), V. Gzhyts'kyi (1895-1973), V. Pachovs'kyi (1878-1942), H. Tyuyurmyk (1920-1961), P. Karmans'kyi (1879-1956), P. Kozlanyuk (1904-1965), P. Inhul's'kyi (1912-1976), M. Yatskiv (1873-1961), S. Maslyak (1895-1960), painters I. Trush (1869-1941), O. Kurylas (1870-1951), V. Savyn (1907-1971), sculptor I. Severn (1891-1871), social and political figures O. Ohonovs'kyi (1883-1894), O.Markov (1849-1909), R. Sushko (1894-1944), O. Tsipanovs'ka (1941), M. Golubets' (1891-1942), Academician M. Voznyak (1881-1954), Professor S. Shchurat (1909-1990).