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Znesinnia Park (general area of 312,1 hectares; total preservation area of 785,71 hectares) is a landscape park in Lychakivskyy administrative unit of Lviv with just a 20-minute-walkfrom city centre. The Park is located between Opryshkivska street, railway road, and Kaiserwald area. The Park was created to secure and restore a unique historical and natural complex of Znesinnia ridge and neighbouring areas of old settlements of Znesinnia and Kryvchytsi. The landscape is represented by Stephan's Hill, Lion's Hill (other names are Bald Hill and Sand Hill), Baba (Rid), Khomets. Across the park, which is situated on watersheds of Baltic and Black Seas, streams Khomets, Hlybokyy, Kryvchytskyy are flowing. On slopes of Khomets Hill there is a unique steppe flora; whereas the whole territory is rich in sandstones and limestones with remains of sea fauna. The area is covered with hilly woods, and valleys with small lakes and streams.
On the northern slopes of Roztochchia ridge archeologists discovered three settlements, located close to each other, of:
- Neolithic period and Bronze Age, IV-II millenniums Before Christ;
- IX-V centuries BC, and XIII-XVII centuries AC;
- XIII-XIX centuries
Old-Slavonic pagan ritual shrines were discovered on Svayatovydove Pole(X-XI centuries), Baba Hill (IX-XI and XIII centuries). Today they are visited by neo-pagans.
Some historians argued that king Danylo of Halych founded Lviv on the settlements there. Taking into account a geographical unity and adherence of Znesinnia with Vynnykivskyy woods and park area (with Devil's Cliffs), thisxfersion does have some ground.On the park territory there are historical and cultural zones (battle places; cultural, educational, and national centres; a cemetery of the mid-XIX century; sacral architecture), a museum of Folk Architecture Shevchenkivskyy Hai, industrial area, educational and health care institutions, churches and monasteries, sports and military objects, engineer buildings and networks, railway road, etc. The real gems of the area are Ascension Church and Saint Elijah Church, Cathedral of Saint Wojciech, old cemetery, old buildings of Bachevsky's factory, basement of old defensive tower from XIII-XIV century, a fragment of once strategic Lviv-Berezhany railroad. There are plans to have a regular route of excursion rail-bus from railway station to Lychakiv with 5-6 stops near interesting objects of history, culture, and nature. On the old cemetery there are graves ofTalerhof camp prisoners and Ukrainian soldiers, who perished in the battles for Pidzamche and Znesinnia in 1918-1919.
Znesinnia area belongs to lands of natural, recreational, historical, and cultural value. There are a lot of opportunities for sports and active rest. Cyclists will find dozens of official and individual routes, which meet there.