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Sightseeings of Lviv
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Lviv is a large Ukrainian city and the most important political and cultural centre of the western territory of the state. At the same time, Lviv has a vital role to play in intercommunications with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, by virtue of its geographical position and historical tradition.
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Lviv occupies an area of 155 sq. km. Its population of 760,000 is made up of mainly ethnic Ukrainians, but at the same time Poles, Jews, Germans, Russians, Armenians, Czechs, as well as other nationalities, traditionally live in the city.
The city stretches out over the hills of picturesque Roztochchia, where the main European watershed, dividing the rivers of the Baltic and Black Sea basins, passes. Lviv stands on the crossroads that connect Western and Eastern Europe.
The centre of the city lies in the ravine. It is surrounded by the hills of Zboyishcha and Klepariv (Kortum Hill - 374 m high), Lychakiv and Pasiky (Chortova Skelya - the Devil's Rock), Snopkiv and Persenkivka. 413 m high Vysokyi Zamok (High Castle) is the highest hill in the city. Leo's, or Piskova (Sand) Hill (389 m), stands adjacent to it.
The climate of Lviv is temperate continental, wet, with mild winters. The average temperature in January is -4C and in July +18C. There is 700-800 mm of rain per year. Modern Lviv has no big rivers or reservoirs. Within the city the Poltva (the tributary of the Western Bug) runs along underground channels.
The flora of Lviv is diverse. Trees such as chcstnuts, maples, ash-trees, poplars and lime- trees are most abundant, but also flourishing here arc 235 types of exotic plants, especially in the parks - the green lungs of the city.
Manufacturing plants producing buses, lighting equipment, building materials, TV sets and other commodities operate in Lviv. Goods made by the confectionery firm Svitoch and The Lviv Brewery are well-known throughout the region.
Lviv is a large road junction - a knot of railway, air and motor communications. European motorways pass through the city. Lviv has roads leading to Krakow, Warsaw, Bratislava, Budapest, Prague, Bucharest, Sofia, Kyiv and Moscow, making the city of great significance to travellers.