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The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts
The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts is one of the most specialized ethnography museums of Europe and one of the richest j I artistic depositories of decorative-applied art of Ukraine. About 85 thousand relics are kept in its funds.
The history of the museum originates in 1874, when the city Industrial Museum was established in Lviv. Now the museum is placed in two houses. Constant exhibition developed in the main building (15, Svobody Avenue) has the departments of material and spiritual culture of our people: household occupations, folk artistic trades, interiors of folk dwelling of different ethnographic regions of Ukraine. In the Furniture and Porcelain Museum (10, Rynok Square) there are exposed Ukrainian and European furniture, textile, tapestries, metal, porcelain, faience from the Renaissance to the early 20th c.
The prevailing place among ethnographic sets is taken by the collection of folk clothes. The fund is organically supplemented with enormous (over 18 thousand sets) collection of Ukrainian embroidery.
More than a hundred homespun Ukrainian carpets and European tapestries of the 17th - early 20th c. are kept in the textiles fund. Armenian carpets of the 17-19th c. and Jewisch cult and applied textiles are in the collection too. The only in Ukraine set of Coptic textiles is especially unique.
The set of art woodwares has artifacts of personal and household use, architectural details of folk wooden construction, musical instruments.
The collection of "scrynias" (wooden chests, over 100 units) of the 17th - the early 20th c. is of special interest. Hutsul wooden icons of the 17-18th c. form a separate group.
The fund collection of folk and modern pottery presents traditional potter centres of the latter 19th - early 20th c. and modern professional masters. A big collection of works of outstanding Hutsul master 0. Bakhmatyuk (1820— 1882) is the pride of the museum. A weighty place in the fund of pottery is taken by the works of I. Levyns'kyi Lviv Art-Ceramic Factory formed in the latter 19th c.
The Museum of Ethnography and Crafts has the biggest and richest in the world collection of Ukrainian "pysanka" (coloured Easter eggs) which amounts to over 12 thousand units.
Interesting materials are collected in the fund of folk toy, which numbers over a thousand units. The set of art metal which amounts to over 5 thousand relics consists of two groups-works by Hutsul folk masters of the 19—20th c. and corporation articles of masters of Ukraine, Western Europe, the Far East of the 16—20th c. A part of the museum collection is a set of metal of the 17-19th c. made mainly by Galician Jewish craftsmen.
The set of art glass ware and industrial ceramics (china, faience, majolica, stone mass) amounts to 18 thousand exhibits. A special place in the collection of Ukrainian porcelain is taken by the articles of manufactories in Korets' (the latter 17th - the early 19th c.), Ba-ranivka (the first third of the 19th c.). The set presents Italian majolica (the 16-17th c.), Holland articles from Delft (the 17th c.), Strasbourg faience (the 18th c.), Spain - Moorish ceramics of the 17th c. Very interesting is French "patriotic" faience with signatures and drawings devoted to the revolutionary events of 1790s. The collections of porcelain of Meissen and Vienna manufactory are the most numerous in the set of the museum. Stone mass articles known as "Wedgwood" take a considerable place in the collection of English ceramics. German, Belgian, Austrian, Italian, French glass ware of the 18th -early 20th c. is widely presented in the museum funds.
The unique collection of furniture was completed in the late 19th - early 20th c. mostly out of the antquities from Vienna, Berlin, Paris and private sets. Samples made by German, Italian, English, Dutch, French, Ukrainian, Polish and Russian masters from the Renaissance to the Art Nouveau are presented here.
The collection of posters which amounts to 4 thousand exhibits takes a considerable place among fond sets of the museum. It presents the works of poster art of many countries of the world. One of the most considerable is the collection of French poster, which is presented by works of the world-known artists, such as H. Toulou-se-Lautrec, P. Bonnard, A. Mucha. The most numerous is the collection of Polish poster. There are over one and a half thousand works.
The museum collection of watches and clocks is the biggest and the most precious one in Ukraine. About 4 hundred exhibits represent different countries, times, styles. The most ancient watch of the set dates back to 1562. Magnificently decorated watch of the 17th c. made of ivory by Hans Tornel the master and two watches of the outstanding French physician J.-B. Biot attract ones attention. A fire-placeI clock made by known French sculptor and painter J.-B. Carpeaux is made with high artistic mastery. combined with two candle-stics.
The museum jewellery fund consists of the collections of small sculptural plastics, enamels, jewellery, pipes, fans. The bishop's crosier of the 11-13th century made of metal and encrusted with enamel is a rare relic.
The museum carries out active scientific expositional activity, which finds its representation in realization of joint international projects with museums, private galleries and persons of Poland, Austria, Israel, Canada, USA, Finland, etc.
The address: 15, Svobody Avenue, tel.: 72-78-08; 10, Rynok Square (the Museum of Furniture and Porcelain), tel.: 74-33-88. Opening hours: from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., except Monday and Tuesday.