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PostHeaderIcon Пасажирские Перевозки Львов - Варшава - Львов

Регулярные пасажирские перевозки комфортным микроавтобусом по маршруту: ЛЬВОВ - ВАРШАВА, и ВАРШАВА - ЛЬВОВ.

15€ / 65 zł. / 400 грн.

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PostHeaderIcon Легенды Львова


О чем говорят сказки? Хорошо известно, что нет дыма без огня. То же самое и с легендами - любые реальные события, путешествия, которые передаются из уст в уста, накапливают много вымыслов. И вы не можете не согласиться, что 750 лет это довольно много. Этого достаточно для истории, фольклора, когда реальные факты и мифы переплетаются настолько плотно, что вряд ли их можно распутать.

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Almost all the peoples of Europe have some legends about the duel of a hero with a Serpent-Dragon. Lviv has two versions of “Saga about Beowulf” of its own, and they are both related to the underground world of the city. The first legend of Lviv folklore tells about a huge Serpent that lived in a cave on Svyatoyurska mountain (today there is the church of Saint George). This creature plagued locals and ate beautiful girls only.

According to different sources, it was either Saint George Dragon-slayer or a saint old man who stunned the Evil Dragon with prayers and helped the city to get rid of this disaster. No matter how it was in the old days, presently the guests of our city can really see the grotto on this mountain in which the alleged Serpent used to live. There is a number of multilevel caves under the temple complex. Some of them may be of natural origin and developed by people for their needs.

 
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In Lviv there are a lot of lions. Have you ever thought about the reasons why there are so many of them and what exactly they symbolize? Senior people say that these are former Lviv citizens who did something for the city. Once a year, at night, all these lions gather together to define which of the citizens in the last year has done enough to win him the regard of becoming one of them. The oldest lion – from the oldest city seal – heads this meeting.

The sun rises, the night passes and metal, glass and wooden lions go back to their houses. In order to know where this secret meeting takes place you need to become one of the famous lions.

 
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Another compulsory point for a tourist in Lviv is the remarkable Opera Theatre which is considered to be one of most beautiful ones in Europe. As the center of the city was already densely built-up, its architect, Zygmunt Gorgolewski, dared to start a very bold project – to concrete the riverbed of Poltva that flowed through Lviv, change the course under the ground and build a wonderful theatre right in that place.

Whether it was because of the river that decided to take revenge, or the master who miscounted something, the theatre sank by half a meter on the day of its solemn opening. Having already received an order from the Austrian emperor for building the theatre, which was a unique event in the history of Austria-Hungary, Gorgolewski died a few days later. Doctors agreed on the version of a heart attack but they say that the architect who used to be remarkably healthy simply committed suicide, for the reason of prospective shame before the emperor's court... But to no purpose. The Opera Theatre is still there, compelling sincere admiration with Lviv citizens and guests of the city.

 
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There also exists a legend which has a documentary evidence. After the church of Jesuits was built a noble gentleman presented the Order a considerable sum of money and decided to join the brothers. Delusion of grandeur and pride for his contribution made him humiliate the Jesuits and exalt himself. The nobleman didn’t want to hear anything about equality of all. Brothers decided to close the nobleman in one of the underground monastic cells so that he become humble. But it was in vain. One day a man who’d heard about the disobedient person came to the Order and wished to talk to the sinner. From behind the closed door one could hear sharp tone of conversation and sometimes even cries.

When everything subsided the brothers expected the stranger to announce good news but nobody went out of the monastic cell. Nobody answered to the knocking either. The only way out was breaking the door, which they did, and there turned out to be no one inside. Inspection of the room proved that there were no holes through which it was possible to escape. Only in the corner they found a parchment on which an agreement was signed in blood, which said that their brother’s soul was sold in exchange for power and money to the sum of annual income of the kingdom.

 
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On the territory of modern Lviv a lot of temples and monastic complexes have remained. In the Middle Ages there were many more of them. It should be noted that today laymen give up secular joys and pleasures of their own free will. In old times cloistering was compulsive in most cases: Lviv patricians sent unfaithful wives and dissolute daughters there, saving them from social disgrace; local womanizers and duel lovers also atoned their sins there. However, even behind high monastic walls there ruled worldly passions.

One of widespread Lviv legends asserts that between the monastery of Bernardines and nunnery of Poor Clares there was an underground passage dug through by monks in order to realize their carnal desires. Moreover, they say this underground gallery was initiated by Poor Clares nuns. Today tourists can see both these monasteries, they are located a bit higher than the Gunpowder Tower in Pidvalna street in Lviv. However, nobody knows for sure whether this amorous dungeon really existed.

 

Около Высокого Замка есть Лысая Гора, которая является местом для собраний ведьм, колдунов и других злых духов. Горемыка - тот, кто не спит в ночь дьявольского дня отдыха! Ведьмы хватают бедного человека и ездят на нем всю ночь, используя его в качестве транспорта ради забавы. В результате, у бедняги сломаны ребра. Кроме того, ведьмы летали по ночным улицам города и пока все спали, любили красть ключи, оставленные в замках. И в доме, где был украден ключ, начинались несчастливые дни – ссоры, болезни и другие неудачи.

 

750 лет назад принц Данило Галицкий построил первую крепость на деревянных и земляных укреплениях, которая занимала вершину замковой горы. Это было началом истории Львова. Принц представил новый город своему сыну Льву в день его брака с венгерской принцессой Констанцией. Позже холм был поднят, добавляя землю, и был построен каменный замок. В наше время от него ничего не осталось кроме развалин, покрытых мхом. Великолепные времена Галицких королей прошли, Львов был завоеван поляками.

Но позже появилась легенда о короле Льве и его свите, которая все еще дремлет в горной пещере, в ожидании правильного момента, чтобы освободить город от захватчиков. Согласно легендам, некоторым мужчинам удалось найти секретный вход и увидеть рыцарей в золотой броне, спящих за длинным дубовым столом в гроте, освещенном факелами: король с серой бородой, сидящий на солнечном троне сонных лошадей, спокойно фыркающих... Один кузнец внезапно стал богат. Он утверждал, что одной безлунной ночью, он поменял подковы у лошадей рыцарей, за что и был вознагражден седым стариком мешком золота. Можно предположить, что кузнец имел яркое воображение и определенно никогда не слышал о короле Артуре. Так или иначе, рыцари короля Льва были или чрезвычайными бездельниками, или крепко спящими.

 
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